Building Dreams, Building RobotS
For completeness, let's take a look at the other inititatives in microsurgical robotics out there.
Microsure is a spin-off of the Eindhoven University of Technology. Initiated by the doctoral thesis of Raimondo Cau in 2013, Microsure developed a first prototype of a master-slave system that aims to stabilize the surgeon's hand motion and incorporated in 2016. They are currently working to improve its performance.
IMRIS, based in Minnesota, acquired the NeuroArm technology 2010 and will be branding the neurosurgical, non-ferromagnetic robot as SYMBIS. The technology was developed by a team at the University of Calgary under the guidance of Prof. Garnette Sutherland, and has seen multiple iterations since its inception in 1997. The name is an homage to the symbiotic relationship between the surgeon and the robot. SYMBIS is currently under development and aims to enable real-time intraoperative MRI combined with robotic neurosurgery.
PRECEYES is a spin-off of the Eindhoven University of Technology, born from the doctoral and postdoctoral work of Thijs Meenink, one of the co-founders. It incorporated in 2011, and has developed the PRECEYES Surgical System, which aims to facilitate existing vitreoretinal surgery and enable new interventions, including a subretinal drug delivery technology. PRECEYES has successfully been validated in in-vivo preclinical trials and the first in-human clinical trial is anticipated for 2016, targeting CE approval and market introduction early 2018.